Crohn’s Disease Diet: Nutrition Guide
Foods to eat
Grains are common dietary staples. Whole grains are often touted as providing the most dietary benefits because they’re high in fiber and nutrients. Research suggestsTrusted Source that a high-fiber diet may reduce the risk of developing IBD.
But once you receive an IBD diagnosis and the disease is active, the fiber factor may be problematic, and depending on your individual symptoms, your doctor may recommend a low-fiber diet.
This means you’ll have to limit the amount of whole grains you eat. According to the Crohn’s and Colitis Foundation of America (CCFA), people with Crohn’s may benefit from a low-fiber, low-residue eating plan to help manage small intestinal constriction or acute symptoms. This type of diet reduces fiber and “scrap” that can stay behind and irritate the bowels.
However, ongoing research questions the usefulness of low-fiber diets in Crohn’s disease management. A small 2015 study using a plant-forward diet that included eggs, dairy, fish, and fiber showed a high rate of maintained remission over two years.
Overall, the researchers reviewed other studies as well and concluded that plant-based diets may help to decrease intestinal inflammation and improve overall health. Researchers reported that the higher fiber intake didn’t result in unfavorable symptoms or outcomes.
Grains to eat:
- rice and rice pasta
- cornmeal and polenta
- gluten-free bread